619 River Drive, Elmwood Park, NJ
201-796-2020

ABOUT CATARACTS

What is a Cataract?

A cataract is a clouding of the natural lens inside your eye. Just as a lens inside your eye, which affects your vision. Although there are several causes, the normal aging process is the most common cause of cataracts.

Cataracts typically affect both eyes, but a cataract can frequently advance in one eye more rapidly than the other.

Cataracts are one of the leading causes of vision loss among adults over the age of 50 in the United States. If you develop cataracts you will eventually need cataract surgery.


What causes a Cataract?

Cataracts classically develop over years as a result of the natural aging process of the lens inside your eye. Many times a cataract can take months or years for it to reach the level where it begins to noticeably affect your vision.

Other times cataracts can develop rapidly over just a few months. This is more common in middle-aged individuals.

Cataracts can also develop as a result of a traumatic eye injury or from a previous eye surgery. Medications such as steroids or health conditions such as diabetes may accelerate the development of cataracts. Rarely, cataracts can even be present at birth or in early childhood as a result of genetic disease or congenital infections.


What are Common Symptoms of Cataracts?

Cataracts can be compared to looking through a dusty windshield or a dirty window. Your vision may become blurry causing difficulty in performing your daily activities such as reading or even enjoying the simple pleasures in life.

Symptoms can vary depending on an individual’s standard for clear and comfortable vision. For instance, moderate cataracts may bother a bus driver or an engineer who requires more acute vision sooner than the average person.


Normal vision


Blurry vision caused by cataracts
 
 

Common Cataract Symptoms

  • Difficulty reading small print
  • Driving is more difficult - especially at night
  • Increased sensitivity to glare
  • Glasses seem dirty - even after cleaning them

If any of these symptoms seem to apply to you and you are concerned about your vision, you may want to schedule an eye examination in order to determine if a cataract is the cause.


How are Cataracts Diagnosed?

An optometrist or ophthalmologist typically performs a comprehensive eye examination. Sophisticated ophthalmic testing are performed to determine to what degree the cataracts are affecting your vision, to see if there are any co-existing issues, and to help determine your potential vision should you choose to remove your cataracts.

We strongly recommend that you have a family member or a friend accompany you for your initial consultation. This can be a 3-hour comprehensive visit that includes acquiring a considerable amount of information about the health of your eyes, discussing the various treatment options, and addressing financial considerations.

Cataract surgery is a required step for seeing better. All cataracts will need to removed the main question for you will be what type of lens implant do you need once the cloudy cataract is removed? Our staff works very hard to counsel patients properly by providing solid cataract surgery patient education. Our new jersey cataract surgeons are dedicated to explaining the surgical process as well as what to do for lens implant types. Whether a standard monofocal lens will be right or an advanced technology lens implant would be right our cataract doctors will be here to guide you through this process.

Learn more about Cataract Surgery